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Sonia Sheridan


Sonia Sheridan, 1995
Sonia Sheridan with Jacques Chirac, Paris, 1983 Queen Sofia of Spain at the Processos exhibition, Madrid, 1986 Exhibition The Art of Sonia Landy Sheridan, 2009
Sonia Landy Sheridan was born in Newark, OH on April 10, 1925. In 1947, she married James E. Sheridan. From 1929 to 1947, she lived in New York City, NY, with the exception of the period between 1933 and 1937, when she lived in Cleveland, OH. In 1951, she moved to the San Francisco Bay Area, where she lived for 10 years before moving to Evanston, IL, north of Chicago. Between 1950 and 1986, Sheridan made a number of extended visits to England, France, Taiwan, Japan and Spain. Since 1993, she has lived in Hanover, NH. Sonia passed away on October 30, 2021 at the age of 96, in Hanover.

From 1941 to 1945, she studied visual arts at Hunter College (New York, NY), where she earned a bachelor degree in 1945. Between 1946 and 1947, she did graduate studies at Columbia University (New York, NY). In 1948-1949, she also pursued graduate work at the University of Illinois (Chicago, Springfield, Urbana, Champaign, IL). In 1952, she studied at San Jose College (San Jose, CA). In 1957, during a visit to Taiwan with her husband, she attended National Taiwan Normal University (Taipei, Taiwan). In 1961, she completed a master's degree in Fine Arts (MFA) at the California College of Arts and Crafts (Oakland, CA).

Between 1960 and 1961, Sheridan was successively instructor at the California College of Arts and Crafts (Oakland, CA) and professor at the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, IL). She went on to become an assistant professor (1968-1975) and an associate professor (1968-1976) at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, where she taught mainly courses in drawing and printmaking. In 1976, she became full professor. In the early 1960s, she became interested in the use of communication technology in art and began to establish professional contacts with industry. From 1969 until the mid-1970s, Sheridan was artist in residence at 3M and experimented with various imaging systems, such as colour reprography. At her request, the Art Institute of Chicago initially rented and eventually acquired a 3M "Color-in-Color" (thermal process colour photocopier), to which were later added other photocopiers, computers and digital image processing tools. In 1970, Sheridan initiated a program entitled Generative Systems, which introduced students to various reprography techniques and, in due course, to the basics of infography and computer animation. As students became technically competent, they also learned about the advanced research being conducted by engineers in the reproduction technology sector (xerography, electronic imaging). In 1980, Sheridan left her position as professor and was awarded Professor Emerita status in June 1982.

Since the early 1970s, Sheridan's work has been featured in solo exhibitions in museums and art centres, primarily in the United States. She also participated in a number of group exhibitions, including Software at the Jewish Museum (New York, NY) in 1970, and Électra at the Musée d'art moderne de la ville de Paris (France) in 1983. Her works can also be found in collections at the National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa, Ontario), Fundación Telefónica (Madrid, Spain), Museum of Science & Industry (Chicago, IL), University of Iowa Museum (Iowa City, IA), Visual Studies Workshop (Rochester, NY), Brooklyn Museum (Brooklyn, NY), Intercommunication Center (Tokyo, Japan), and 3M Corporation (Saint-Paul, MN). In 2002, the Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College (Hanover, NH) acquired 684 works by Sheridan produced between 1949 and 2002. As a researcher and author, Sheridan has participated in many conferences and published articles in anthologies and periodicals such as Leonardo and Exposure. She has been closely associated with the journal Leonardo, serving as a member of the board and as an editorial adviser. During her career as an artist, Sheridan received grants from numerous organisations, including the Guggenheim Foundation (1973-1974) and the National Endowment for the Arts (1974-1975, 1976-1977, 1981-1982).

In 2009-2010 the exhibition "The Art of Sonia Sheridan" presented over 80 works by Sonia Sheridan at the Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.

Vincent Bonin © 2006 rev 2024 FDL