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Center for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS)

(Delhi, India)

The Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS), founded in 1964, is one of India’s best-known independent research institutes. Bringing together some of South Asia’s most distinguished thinkers and writers, the CSDS has played an important part in shaping the intellectual and creative map of this part of the world. Sarai, the New Media Initiative, is a CSDS program dedicated to exploring new technologies in South Asia.

Sarai has set up a public access space for the research and practice of digital media in Delhi, one of the first of its kind in the developing world. Among many other projects, the Sarai program includes a digital archive of urban culture, a cluster of public terminals with a specially designed interface, and a media lab, which provides a technological context for collaborations and creations by artists and others. In 2000, the Daniel Langlois Foundation supported the Sarai media lab by contributing funds towards acquiring hardware and software and creating research fellowships. Since initiating the media lab, the organizers, including the Raqs Media Collective and other Indian artists, theorists and programmers, have stimulated much activity around the centre. Sarai founders have arranged workshops, produced a reader, forged international contacts and partnerships, held an official opening, and organized lectures by leading new media theorists such as Eric Kluitenberg, Geert Lovink and Amanda McDonald Crowley.

From the beginning, organizers have wanted to make the new media initiative pertinent to Indian artists, programmers, researchers and designers. To do so, they have had to thoroughly investigate the history of Indian artistic practices, such as woodcutting and calendar art, and identify how to integrate these practices into an Indian new media initiative. One result of this research is the Sarai Web site. A portal for discussing and disseminating vital information on new media technologies and a space to showcase works and projects produced at Sarai, the Web site is technologically advanced in design, rich in content and accessible to a large international public.

Another project produced in the media lab is Global Village Health Manual. Created by the Raqs Media Collective in collaboration with Joy Chatterjee, this CD-ROM uses images of late 19th century printmaking in India in tandem with digital media in order to encourage the user to "bridge the distance between the data stream of the present and the fading imprint of the recent past. It asks that you look through yesterday’s web of images at the bitmap of where you are today. We have used reprints of 19th century Calcutta woodcuts to build the interactive interface. Contemporary elements have been taken from an array of sites on the World Wide Web. They have then been edited, re-framed, rendered and transformed to embody a new sensibility. The artists, coders and writers who generated the materials that we have used here are our co-workers in this work." (1)

The Sarai team is actively pursuing future projects while disseminating current projects throughout the Indian community and the international Web and new media art communities thanks to a mailing and discussion list (the Sarai-Reader-List) and the Web site. In addition, the team is pursuing collaborative works showcasing Indian perspectives, such as Oxygen, a project delving into immersive, interactive environments while referencing Indian classical dance. This project was created by Monica Narula from the Raqs collective along with two artists from Australia, Sarah Neville and Mari Velonaki. Sarai has also begun work on a project called the Sarai Interface Zone, an initiative supported in 2001 by the Daniel Langlois Foundation.

Angela Plohman © 2001 FDL

(1) "Global Village Health Manual by the Raqs Media Collective, with Mrityunjoy Chatterjee," Sarai, (accessed June 20, 2001):